Halloween is the one of the oldest holidays still celebrated today. It's one of the most popular holidays next only to Christmas. While millions of people celebrate Halloween without knowing its origins and myths, the history and facts of Halloween make the holiday more fascinating. Some people view Halloween as a time for fun, putting on costumes, trick-or-treating, and having theme parties. Others view it as a time of superstitions, ghosts, goblins and evil spirits that should be avoided at all costs.
1. Halloween History & Origin
a. Halloween is also called the "ghost festival". Celtic around the British Isles, Ireland and France believed that the dead "visit" human from graveyard at night on October 31st. Therefore, they should prepare many delicious food on this day to entertain visiting "ghost". This is the earliest form of Halloween.
b. Halloween is on October 31st, the last day of the Celtic calendar. It was originally a pagan holiday honoring the dead. Halloween is referred to as All Hallows Eve and dates back to over 2000 years ago. All Hallows Eve is the evening before All Saints Day, which was created by Christians to convert pagans, and is celebrated on November 1st. The Catholic church honored saints on this designated day. Origin of Halloween While there are many versions of the origins and old customs of Halloween, some remain consistent by all accounts. Different cultures view Halloween somewhat differently but traditional Halloween practices remain the same. Halloween culture can be traced back to the Druids, a Celtic culture in Ireland, Britain and Northern Europe. Roots lay in the feast of Samhain, which was annually on October 31st to honor the dead. Samhain signifies "summers end" or November. Samhain was a harvest festival with huge sacred bonfires, marking the end of the Celtic year and beginning of a new one. Many of the practices involved in this celebration were fed on superstition. The Celts believed the souls of the dead roamed the streets and villages at night. Since not all spirits were thought to be friendly, gifts and treats were left out to pacify the evil and ensure next years crops would be plentiful. This custom evolved into trick-or-treat.
2. Change and Development of Halloween
Halloween (All Halloween's Day) is the ghost festival in the west on calendar November 1st every year. Celebrations start since late October 31th called Halloween. The current epidemic is in some countries speaking English. About the origin of that day, there are four different inferences all related to the ghost. So far, it has been almost no any religious or superstitious color component, it has become a children's show and also a young man fancy dress party programs. People's dress is more than just a ghost. Many areas organize a big costume parade every year to celebrate it. Society have also been doing positive guide to festival activities : as for adult, they should educate the children not to do descendant prank. With any decoration much too scary, you will be blamed for the public and the media will also make it exposure.
3. Theme of the Halloween
The theme of the Halloween is ghosts and things associated with death, magic, monster or something scary. Usually others Halloween related are also pumpkins, ghosts, ghouls, the witch, bats, black cats, owls, elves, zombies, skeletons and demons, as well as fictional characters such as vampires and Frankenstein.
4. Traditional Colors of Halloween
Black and orange are the traditional colors for Halloween. Modern Halloween products are also extensive use of purple, green and red.
5. Halloween Symbol
Jack 'o' Lanterns is the most visible symbols of Halloween. In the UK and Ireland, locals originally made jack-o-lanterns by putting candles in the hollowed turnips, however, people immigrating to the United States soon adopted pumpkin because that pumpkin is much easier to carve. Many families carve scary faces on the pumpkin and put them on the gate of the ladder. The traditional practice is to scare evil or devil away. Autumn elements such as pumpkin and the scarecrow also become the symbols of Halloween.
6. Stories about Halloween
a. Trick or treat
"trick or treat" is an interesting activity of Halloween , this custom is not derived from Ireland but from European Christian church in the 9th century. The November 2, Christians called "ALL with SOULS DAY" (ALL SOULS 'DAY). On this day, the faithful walked in the quiet countryside village and begged for "soul cakes" made of flour and raisins. It is said that anybody donating cakes all believe the pray and what the church monks said and look forward to shield of god and let the dead relatives to go to heaven at an early date.
This begging tradition has evolved into the game that children carry pumpkin lantern for candy. When meeting the masters, the children dressed up as a ghost elves shape and shouted "trick or treat", and master said "please eat! Eat!" while putting the candies into their big pockets.
b. Pumpkin lanterns
It is also originated from the ancient Ireland. A man named Jack is a drunkard and mischief. One day Jack tricked the devil up to a tree, then carved a cross on the stump to threaten him not to come down. Then Jack promised to let him down from the tree on the condition that Jack never crimed whatever he did. After Jack died, his soul neither went to heaven nor hell, so he had to rely on a small candle to guide his wandering between heaven and earth.
In old Irish legend, this small candle called "Jack lantern" is lying in a hollowed turnip ,but now, the pumpkin is the favorite of the Halloween.
7. Various Celebration Ways
Halloween is a western festival, so almost all the western countries celebrate Halloween, the west areas mainly consist of Europe, North America and Australia, etc.
a. Halloween in the UK
The UK is the origin of Halloween. Every place have their own characteristics. Mid to late October each year, the streets of London is full of magic atmosphere. During Halloween, the scene of the many torture is restored at the tower of London. Seone is London's biggest clubs, Halloween party plays all night on October 31st .
Yorkshire is a famous British ghost county. Every year on the same day, the road to downtown area on Halloween will be blocked to host Fright Night. More than 40000 people a year take part in the terrible modeling of monsters lookalike, go to the streets together, and practice the breakdown ghost town.
b. Halloween in America
Halloween was introduced to the United States in 1840. Due to the Irish famine, large Numbers of Irish people immigrated to the United States, they also brought Halloween customs to the land of the United States. All the shops of the United States on this day are selling ghost food, candy, clothing and masks, etc. Because of the pumpkin is a sign of the holiday, so every family to buy a pumpkin to make pumpkin lantern. Children always take part in activities “trick or treat”. They carry the pumpkin lantern asking for sugar, if the host does not give sugar, children will make troubles through a variety of ways, or throw garbage into the master's home, or crush pumpkin at their gate.
c. Halloween in French
Halloween is not French tradition, but also slowly begin to be popular in France in recent years. In 1982, a restaurant named American Dream started to celebrate Halloween in Paris, at that time the restaurant staff also explained to the French what they are celebrating. By 1995, Halloween is almost a household name. Older French will also reveal a kind of disdain speak of it because they surly thought it is an American holiday, however, the children enjoy going door-to-door for candy. The French usually go to Meng Ma father's cemetery and raz cemetery chrysanthemum on Halloween day. The Catholic believers will praise the Lord for eternal life.
d. Halloween in the Philippine
Halloween is also called section names in the Philippines. The Philippine Chinese have the habit of visiting a grave in Halloween. All the Chinese family start out the same day carrying joss sticks and fruit to pay respects to relatives at their tombs. Later the martyrs activities are far beyond the intention of memorial ancestors, especially the rich in the Philippine are more eager to show off their wealth with the size of candles burning in front of the tomb.
e. Halloween in Hong Kong
Activities about Halloween theme of different spirits will be held in Hong Kong Disneyland, Hong Kong Ocean Park, Madame Tussauds or other spots.There are streets bustling makeup party, the ghosts scenes and crazy discount, the theme menu of the restaurant and bar all make you feel Halloween fun and its stimulating atmosphere.
f. Halloween in South Korea
Since mid-October, the streets in South Korea begin to sell cakes pumpkin and all sorts of Halloween costumes and masks. Moreover, the decoration of hotels and department stores is unique to let a person can not help but stop to watch. The thick festal atmosphere in South Korea have been developed to get incisively and vividly in the amusement park. Especially in Everland, various sizes pumpkins, the vampire, flying fairies, etc, are gathered. In addition, there is a song and dance show at midnight. Both adults and children will go to amusement park to celebrate the carnival holiday during Halloween.
g. Halloween in other countries
The Russians on Halloween dress up as Putin's appearance. Thai people like traditional ways of dressing up as ghosts. The Japanese prefer pumpkin clothing. In addition, "bite the apple" is the most popular game in Halloween. Apple is floating in a bowl full of water, the children bite apple without the help of hands. One that first bites the apple is the winner. This Halloween tradition can be traced back to the custom using nuts and apples to celebrate the harvest.
8. Halloween Specialty Foods
Specialty foods: candy corn (a kind of candy made primarily from sugar, corn syrup, confectioners wax, artificial coloring and binders), toffee apples (Halloween approaches to the harvest time of apples, toffee apples surely become the festival food; a treat for children made by plugging bamboo stick into an apple and rolling the apple in the toffee syrup, sometimes nuts and candy, etc. will be added for creative tastes), hot apple cider (a kind of an unfiltered, unsweetened, non-alcohol beverage strained from mashed apples ), pumpkin pie (a kind of baked dessert that is often made with the softened pumpkin halves), roasted pumpkin seeds, popcorn, and the witch-shaped spice ginger bread (a kind of ginger biscuit flavored with ginger and spices), etc.
America's Halloween is on October 31st which is the pumpkin harvest season in northern California. Before holiday is coming, half moon bay at the bank of the Pacific, is full of golden pumpkin for the forecast of the coming of Halloween. Then, pumpkins are conveyed from the field to the super market to fill the shelves; the smiling face, a ghosts face, crying face of pumpkins are placed in front of gates. After Halloween, originally pumpkins used as decorations will be used to cook soup or make pumpkin scones. The farmer drop the leftover pumpkin into the river to give hippo a good meal.
Machines for Preparing Halloween Food: Fruit Coring and Pulping Machine, Fruit Pitting Machine, Seeds Roaster, Popcorn Machine, Electric Deck Oven